During the celebration of the UNESCO Bioethics World Day held in Naples on October 19, 2016, Prof. Daniela Caruso, WP 2 leader of CHETCH project, has introduced the essay "The Role of the Chinese Filial Piety in the Ageing Society: Ancient Values and Modern Laws” in the context of the conference topic : "Right to the happy and healthy aging".
The work has got the prestigious award" The best paper " from the UNESCO Chair in Bioethics and represents the result of a research field shaped in the framework of the CHETCH project oriented towards further development.
Cross Cultural Bioethics in Comparative Perspective
The Role of the Filial Piety in the Chinese Ageing Society
Ancient Values and Modern Laws
Starting from the analysis of the XIAO “Filial Piety” Confucian value, the main value on which the Chinese society lied on millenniums, this paper analyzes the political and legal issues through which China launched (reviewing a previous law) the “law for the protection of the rights and the interests of the elderly” on June 2013; it foresees penalties for sons who don’t protect their parents, don’t provide them if they can’t, don’t give them the right respect.
The paper has been divided into three parts:
- Introduction and analysis of XIAO concept
- The implication in the social and political concerns
- Historical path and law analysis
From the critical point of view, instead, there are references to some authors whose reflection is principally aimed to understand if and how a moral value, to which the young generations must be educated, can and should become law, and whose lack of respect should be subject to penalties. Actually, it is observed, the problem cannot be considered in these terms; the wide meaning Filial Piety had in the construction of the Chinese society, in the validation of the political and social order, in the intergenerational relations and in the recognition of the hierarchies, cannot be ignored. So, a moral value become an ethical politic key on which the standing of the whole society has been based, a sort of fundamental element included in the DNA of each Chinese citizen and his duties.
The author argues that the peculiarity of the Chinese culture represents for the country a very important tool in the facing of the biggest challenge of the century, such as the related consequences in the terms of both, social responsibility and welfare as well.